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Gene. 2012 Nov 1;509(1):120-3. doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2012.07.085. Epub 2012 Aug 17.

Molecular prenatal diagnosis of autosomal recessive childhood spinal muscular atrophies (SMAs).

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  • 1Department of Medical Molecular Genetics, National Research Center, Cairo, Egypt.


Autosomal recessive childhood spinal muscular atrophy (SMAs) is the second most common neuromuscular disorder and a common cause of infant disability and mortality. SMA patients are classified into three clinical types based on age of onset, and severity of symptoms. About 94% of patients have homozygous deletion of exon 7 in survival motor neuron (SMN1) gene. The neuronal apoptosis inhibitory protein (NAIP) gene was found to be more frequently deleted in the severest form of the disease. This study aimed to comment on the implementation of genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis of SMAs for 85 fetuses from 75 Egyptian couples at risk of having an affected child. The homozygous deletion of exon 7 in SMN1 gene and the deletion of exon 5 of the NAIP gene were detected using PCR-REFLP and multiplex PCR methods respectively. Eighteen fetuses showed homozygous deletion of exon 7 in SMN1 gene and deletion of exon 5 in NAIP gene. In conclusion prenatal diagnosis is an important tool for accurate diagnosis and genetic counseling that help decision making in high risk families.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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