Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Rehabil Res Pract. 2012;2012:783824. doi: 10.1155/2012/783824. Epub 2012 Aug 7.

Electromyographical comparison of four common shoulder exercises in unstable and stable shoulders.

Author information

  • 1The Shoulder Center of Kentucky, Lexington Clinic, Lexington, KY 40504, USA.

Abstract

This study examines if electromyographic (EMG) amplitude differences exist between patients with shoulder instability and healthy controls performing scaption, prone horizontal abduction, prone external rotation, and push-up plus shoulder rehabilitation exercises. Thirty nine subjects were categorized by a single orthopedic surgeon as having multidirectional instability (n = 10), anterior instability (n = 9), generalized laxity (n = 10), or a healthy shoulder (n = 10). Indwelling and surface electrodes were utilized to measure EMG activity (reported as a % of maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC)) in various shoulder muscles during 4 common shoulder exercises. The exercises studied effectively activated the primary musculature targeted in each exercise equally among all groups. The serratus anterior generated high activity (50-80% MVIC) during a push-up plus, while the infraspinatus and teres major generated moderate-to-high activity (30-80% MVIC) during both the prone horizontal and prone external rotation exercises. Scaption exercise generated moderate activity (20-50% MVIC) in both rotator cuff and scapular musculature. Clinicians should feel confident in prescribing these shoulder-strengthening exercises in patients with shoulder instability as the activation levels are comparable to previous findings regarding EMG amplitudes and should improve the dynamic stabilization capability of both rotator cuff and scapular muscles using exercises designed to address glenohumeral joint instability.

PMID:
22919499
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3423969
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk