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Heart Views. 2012 Apr;13(2):53-65. doi: 10.4103/1995-705X.99229.

Pregnancy-related Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection: Two Case Reports and a Comprehensive Review of Literature.

Author information

  • 1Department of Cardiology, Southend University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Essex, UK.

Abstract

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome, particularly seen in women during pregnancy or in the puerperium. It has a high acute phase mortality. The etiology is uncertain. Hormonal changes during pregnancy, hemodynamic stress and changes in the autoimmune status have been considered as possible etiological factors. A timely diagnosis and institution of appropriate treatment is important for a successful outcome. There is no consensus of opinion for optimal treatment. Conservative management, coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and percutaneous coronary intervention, all have been described in the literature as possible therapeutic options. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection should be considered as a differential in any young woman presenting with chest pain associated with pregnancy. We report two cases of pregnancy-associated spontaneous coronary artery dissection, both successfully managed, along with a comprehensive review of the previously published literature.

KEYWORDS:

Acute coronary syndrome; pregnancy-associated coronary artery dissection; pregnancy-related myocardial infarction; spontaneous coronary artery dissection

PMID:
22919449
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3424780
Free PMC Article
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