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Lung India. 2012 Jul;29(3):232-5. doi: 10.4103/0970-2113.99105.

Vaccination rates for pandemic influenza among pregnant women: An early observation from Chennai, South India.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Porur, Chennai, India.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

World Health organization considers pregnancy as an important risk factor for severe illness due to pandemic influenza and recommends better vaccination coverage for them.

AIMS:

This study was initiated to observe the vaccination rates among pregnant women in Chennai during 2 months following the availability of influenza vaccine in the region.

SETTINGS AND DESIGN:

An urban community-based setting. Questionnaire-based observational study design.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Pregnant women residing in Chennai selected by simple random sampling formed the study population. The study was conducted from 15(th) to 30(th) November 2010. Each pregnant woman was interviewed using a uniform questionnaire.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED:

Characteristics between vaccinated and unvaccinated participants were compared using the Chi-square test or the Fisher exact test for categorical variables and Student's t-test or Mann-Whitney U test for continuous variables.

RESULTS:

140 pregnant women were interviewed during the study period. The mean age of study participants was 25 years (range 21-35 years). 55% were less than 26 years of age and 65% were home makers. 32% had no basic school education. Of the 29 women with co-morbidities, 15 had gestational diabetes, 13 hypertension, 7 pre-eclampsia, and 7 had bronchial asthma. Fifty-eight had anemia diagnosed earlier or during current pregnancy. 32 (22.8%) were given advice to get vaccinated for pandemic influenza of which 18 (12.8%) received the vaccine.

CONCLUSIONS:

Observations on vaccination rates for pandemic influenza among pregnant women in Chennai, 2 months after the initiation of vaccination program is not encouraging.

KEYWORDS:

Knowledge; pandemic influenza; pregnancy; vaccination

PMID:
22919161
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3424861
Free PMC Article
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