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Am J Pharm Educ. 2012 Aug 10;76(6):107. doi: 10.5688/ajpe766107.

Use of a general level framework to facilitate performance improvement in hospital pharmacists in Singapore.

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  • 1Singapore General Hospital, Singapore. colemanvicky@hotmail.com



To evaluate the acceptability and validity of an adapted version of the General Level Framework (GLF) as a tool to facilitate and evaluate performance development in general pharmacist practitioners (those with less than 3 years of experience) in a Singapore hospital.


Observational evaluations during daily clinical activities were prospectively recorded for 35 pharmacists using the GLF at 2 time points over an average of 9 months. Feedback was provided to the pharmacists and then individualized learning plans were formulated.


Pharmacists' mean competency cluster scores improved in all 3 clusters, and significant improvement was seen in all but 8 of the 63 behavioral descriptors (p ≤ 0.05). Nonsignificant improvements were attributed to the highest level of performance having been attained upon initial evaluation. Feedback indicated that the GLF process was a positive experience, prompting reflection on practice and culminating in needs-based learning and ultimately improved patient care.


The General Level Framework was an acceptable tool for the facilitation and evaluation of performance development in general pharmacist practitioners in a Singapore hospital.


General Level Framework; Singapore; assessment; competency; hospital pharmacy; pharmacist; professional development

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