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J Atten Disord. 2015 Dec;19(12):999-1006. doi: 10.1177/1087054712454191. Epub 2012 Aug 22.

Criteria and Concurrent Validity of Adult ADHD Section of the Psychiatry Research Interview for Substance and Mental Disorders.

Author information

  • 1Servei de Psiquiatria. Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain Biomedical Network Research Centre on Mental Health (CIBERSAM), Barcelona, Spain Departament de Psiquiatria i Medicina Legal. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain jaramos@vhebron.net.
  • 2Institut de Neuropsiquiatria i Addiccions, Centre Fòrum, Barcelona, Spain IMIM (Institut Hospital del Mar d'Investigacions Mèdiques), Barcelona, Spain.
  • 3Servei de Psiquiatria. Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain.
  • 4Servei de Psiquiatria. Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain Biomedical Network Research Centre on Mental Health (CIBERSAM), Barcelona, Spain Departament de Psiquiatria i Medicina Legal. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain.
  • 5Departament de Psiquiatria i Medicina Legal. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain IMIM (Institut Hospital del Mar d'Investigacions Mèdiques), Barcelona, Spain Institut de Neuropsiquiatria i Addiccions, Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Prevalence of ADHD in adults is around 2% to 4%. Comorbidity is frequent in ADHD; 75% of patients develop a comorbid disorder across life span, substance use disorder (SUD) being one of the most prevalent.

METHOD:

A case-control study was performed to check the criteria and concurrent validity of psychiatric research interview for substance and mental disorders (PRISM) adult ADHD section. Validation was done comparing PRISM with the Conners' Adult ADHD Diagnostic Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text rev.). A convenient sample (N = 80) participated, 40 had diagnosis of SUD and ADHD and 40 had diagnosis of SUD without ADHD. The statistics hypothesis was bivariant, and the confidence level was 95%.

RESULTS:

Kappa index concordance was .78, sensitivity of PRISM adult ADHD module was 90%, specificity was 87.5%, positive predictive value was 87.8%, and the negative predictive value was 89.7%.

CONCLUSION:

PRISM has good psychometric properties to detect ADHD associated with SUD.

© The Author(s) 2012.

KEYWORDS:

ADHD; adult ADHD; alcohol dependence; comorbidity; psychometrics

PMID:
22915013
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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