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Postgrad Med. 2012 Jul;124(4):225-40. doi: 10.3810/pgm.2012.07.2582.

COPD and associated comorbidities: a review of current diagnosis and treatment.

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  • 1Drexel University School of Medicine, Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. bwcmd@yahoo.com

Abstract

Health care utilization and costs associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) continue to increase, notwithstanding evidence-based management strategies described by major respiratory societies. Cardiovascular diseases, asthma, diabetes and its precursors (obesity and metabolic syndrome), depression, cognitive impairment, and osteoporosis are examples of common comorbidities that can affect or be affected by COPD. Appropriate diagnosis and management (from a pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic perspective) of COPD and its associated comorbidities are important to ensure optimal patient care. An evolving understanding of COPD as a multimorbid disease that affects an aging population, rather than just a lung-specific disease, necessitates an integrated, tailored disease-management approach to improve prognoses and reduce costs.

PMID:
22913911
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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