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Am J Clin Pathol. 2012 Aug;138(2):190-7. doi: 10.1309/AJCP5ZC4GQVNWTYR.

CK5, CK5/6, and double-stains CK7/CK5 and p53/CK5 discriminate in situ vs invasive urothelial cancer in the prostate.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, 43210, USA.


For primary bladder tumors, distinguishing urothelial carcinoma (UC) invading the fibromuscular stroma of the prostate (pT4a) from in situ UC involving prostatic ducts can be difficult. Immunohistochemical markers (cytokeratin [CK]5/6, CK5, CK7, CK20, p53, p63, high-molecular-weight keratin [HMWK], androgen receptor, prostate-specific antigen [PSA], prostate specific acid phosphatase [PSAP], laminin, CD44s, CD141) were assessed for their usefulness in determining depth of UC invasion in the prostate. In cystoprostatectomy specimens containing in situ UC in prostatic ducts, both CK5/6 and CK5 clearly differentiated prostatic basal cells from in situ UC. The remaining markers were not effective in determining depth of tumor invasion. Double-stain combinations CK7/CK5 and p53/CK5 were performed and robustly color contrasted in situ tumor from surrounding basal cells. The use of CK5/6, CK5, CK7/CK5, or p53/CK5 is recommended to assist in determining the depth of UC invasion in the prostate when histologic findings are equivocal.

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