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J Cardiol. 2012 Nov;60(5):411-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jjcc.2012.07.009. Epub 2012 Aug 13.

Predictive value of functional limitation for disease severity in patients with mild chronic heart failure.

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  • 1Program in Physical and Occupational Therapy, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.



We aimed to verify a measure for functional limitation using the Performance Measure for Activity of Daily Living-8 (PMADL-8) clinical assessment tool. This tool was utilized to determine disease severity by comparing disease severity with physiological and demographic variables, which have been well documented as predictors for mortality and rehospitalization in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients.


We consecutively enrolled 125 CHF patients with impaired left ventricular systolic function who underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing in Nagoya University Hospital. We measured PMADL-8, which had a total score that ranged from 8 to 32 points, in which higher scores indicated severe functional limitations to evaluate the patient's functional limitations and evaluate clinical physiologic variables, which were established as prognostic factors of CHF. First, the association between PMADL-8 and other clinical variables was analyzed by correlation coefficients, and then, multivariate regression analysis was performed to select independent correlate factors. Lastly, we identified the optimal PMADL-8 threshold for detecting disease severity by comparing with the threshold for disease severity in selected variables.


The PMADL-8 indicated excellent correlation with peak oxygen uptake (peakVO(2)) (r=-0.743, p<0.001), and the multivariate regression analysis revealed that peakVO(2) was independently correlated with the PMADL-8 (p<0.001). The optimal PMADL-8 threshold for detecting a peakVO(2) value of 18 ml/min/kg was 18 points. Similarly, a peakVO(2) value of 14 ml/min/kg was 22 points, and a peakVO(2) value of 16 ml/min/kg was 20 points.


Our data indicate that functional limitation as evaluated by the PMADL-8 is well correlated with peakVO(2). PMADL-8 may have potential as a clinical assessment tool to manage disease status in CHF patients.

Copyright © 2012 Japanese College of Cardiology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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