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Psychol Rep. 2012 Jun;110(3):854-78.

Parent socialization effects in different cultures: significance of directive parenting.

Author information

  • Department of Child & Adolescent Development, Lurie College of Education, San Jose State University, CA 95192-0075, USA. nadia.sorkhabi@sjsu.edu

Abstract

In this article, the controversy of divergent findings in research on parental socialization effects in different cultures is addressed. Three explanations intended to address divergent findings of socialization effects in different cultures, as advanced by researchers who emphasize cultural differences, are discussed. These include cultural differences in socialization values and goals of parents, parental emotional and cognitive characteristics associated with parenting styles, and adolescents' interpretations or evaluations of their parents' parenting styles. The empirical evidence for and against each of these arguments is examined and an alternative paradigm for understanding and empirical study of developmental outcomes associated with parenting styles in different cultures is suggested. Baumrind's directive parenting style is presented as an alternative to the authoritarian parenting style in understanding the positive developmental effects associated with "strict" parenting in cultures said to have a collectivist orientation. Directions for research on the three explanations are mentioned.

PMID:
22897089
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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