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Org Biomol Chem. 2012 Oct 7;10(37):7566-77. doi: 10.1039/c2ob26219c.

Synthesis and properties of novel L-isonucleoside modified oligonucleotides and siRNAs.

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  • 1State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China.


Antisense oligonucleotides and siRNAs are potential therapeutic agents and their chemical modifications play an important role to improve the properties and activities of oligonucleotides. Isonucleoside is a type of nucleoside analogue, in which the nucleobase is moved from C-1 to other positions of ribose. In this report, a novel isonucleoside 5 containing a 5'-CH(2)-extended chain at the sugar moiety was synthesized, thus isoadenosine 5a and isothymidine 5b were incorporated into a DNA single strand and siRNA. It was found that isonucleoside 5 modified oligonucleotides can form stable double helical structures with their complementary DNA and RNA and the stability towards nuclease and ability to activate RNase H are more promising compared with the unmodified, natural analogues. In siRNA, passenger strand modified with isonucleoside (5a/b) at 3' or 5' terminal can retain the silencing activity and minimize the passenger strand specific off-target effect.

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