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Prev Med. 2012 Oct;55(4):325-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2012.07.023. Epub 2012 Aug 4.

Increased risk of exceeding entertainment-media guidelines in preschool children from low socioeconomic background: the Generation R Study.

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  • 1The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.



To describe and explain the association between maternal educational level and television viewing time among preschool children.


We analyzed data from 2786 preschoolers enrolled in a birth cohort study in Rotterdam, The Netherlands, between 2002 and 2006. Odds ratios of watching television ≥2 hours/day and ≥1 hour/day were calculated for children of mothers with low, mid-low, and mid-high educational level (reference group: high educational level), before and after adjustment for mediators.


Children of low, mid-low, and mid-high educated mothers were more likely to watch television ≥2 hours/day compared to children of high educated mothers, with children of low educated mother showing the highest risk (OR: 11.32; 95% CI: 6.58, 19.46). Adjustment for mediators (i.e. maternal body mass index, parental television viewing, presence of a television set in the child's bedroom, and financial difficulties) led to a nearly 50% reduction in odds ratio for the lowest educational group (OR: 6.61; 95% CI: 3.69, 11.84). A similar educational gradient was found for watching television ≥1 hour/day, although effect estimates were smaller.


Maternal education is inversely associated with preschoolers' television viewing time. This association was partly explained by known correlates of children's television viewing.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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