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Prev Med. 2012 Oct;55(4):325-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2012.07.023. Epub 2012 Aug 4.

Increased risk of exceeding entertainment-media guidelines in preschool children from low socioeconomic background: the Generation R Study.

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  • 1The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. a.wijtzes@erasmusmc.nl



To describe and explain the association between maternal educational level and television viewing time among preschool children.


We analyzed data from 2786 preschoolers enrolled in a birth cohort study in Rotterdam, The Netherlands, between 2002 and 2006. Odds ratios of watching television ≥2 hours/day and ≥1 hour/day were calculated for children of mothers with low, mid-low, and mid-high educational level (reference group: high educational level), before and after adjustment for mediators.


Children of low, mid-low, and mid-high educated mothers were more likely to watch television ≥2 hours/day compared to children of high educated mothers, with children of low educated mother showing the highest risk (OR: 11.32; 95% CI: 6.58, 19.46). Adjustment for mediators (i.e. maternal body mass index, parental television viewing, presence of a television set in the child's bedroom, and financial difficulties) led to a nearly 50% reduction in odds ratio for the lowest educational group (OR: 6.61; 95% CI: 3.69, 11.84). A similar educational gradient was found for watching television ≥1 hour/day, although effect estimates were smaller.


Maternal education is inversely associated with preschoolers' television viewing time. This association was partly explained by known correlates of children's television viewing.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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