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J Occup Environ Med. 2012 Sep;54(9):1150-6. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e318256f675.

Prevalence, management, and control of hypertension among US workers: does occupation matter?

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  • 1Division of Public Health Systems and Workforce Development, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA. epdavila@ucsd.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The role of occupation in the management of cardiovascular risk factors including hypertension is not well known.

METHODS:

We analyzed the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data of 6928 workers aged 20 years or older from 40 occupational groups. Hypertension was defined as measured blood pressure of 140/90 mm Hg or greater or self-reported use of antihypertensive medication, treatment as use of antihypertensive medication, awareness as ever being told by a doctor about having hypertension, and control as having blood pressure of less than 140/90 mm Hg among treated participants.

RESULTS:

Protective service workers ranked among the lowest in awareness (50.6%), treatment (79.3%), and control (47.7%) and had lower odds of hypertension control and treatment compared with executive/administrative/managerial workers, adjusting for sociodemographic, body-weight, smoking, and alcohol.

CONCLUSIONS:

Protective service workers may benefit the most from worksite hypertension management programs.

PMID:
22885710
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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