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Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2012 Sep 15;22(18):6004-9. doi: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2012.06.071. Epub 2012 Jun 30.

Design, synthesis, stereochemistry and antioxidant properties of various 7-alkylated 2,4-diaryl-3-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-9-ones.

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  • 1Department of Biomedicinal Chemistry, Inje University, Gimhae 621-749, Gyeongnam, South Korea.


We used the modified Mannich condensation to synthesize three closely-related series of 7-alkylated 3-ABNs 1-5 viz., 7-methylated 2,4-diaryl-3-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-9-ones (7-Me ABNs 1-5), 7-ethylated 2,4-diaryl-3-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-9-ones (7-Et ABNs 1-5) and 7-tert-pentylated 2,4-diaryl-3-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-9-ones (7-tert-pentyl ABNs 1-5). All compounds yielded good as single isomers by the use of PPA·SiO(2) as a heterogeneous Bronsted acidic catalyst. The 1D, 2D NMR, and single-crystal XRD interpretations unambiguously characterized the stereochemistry of the synthesized compounds. In solution as well as solid-state, all compounds exist in the twin-chair conformation with equatorial orientations of all substitutions, despite their nature and positions. The chemical methods viz., DPPH, reducing power, and phospho-molybdenum methods identified some of the target curcumin analogs as active compounds. Among them, 7-Me ABN 4 (7-methyl-2,4-bis(3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenyl)-3-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-9)-one exerted the best antioxidant profile that comparable to standard l-ascorbic acid, α-tocopherol and curcumin. Hence, we evaluated further for its intracellular ROS inhibition potency on RAW 264.7 macrophage cells, and found to be effective as well as non-toxic at 100 μM.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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