Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Int J Cardiol. 2013 Sep 10;167(6):2852-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2012.07.026. Epub 2012 Aug 9.

Impact of epicardial fat volume on coronary artery disease in symptomatic patients with a zero calcium score.

Author information

  • 1Toyohashi Heart Center, Toyohashi, Japan.



This study sought to evaluate the prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) and the impact of epicardial fat volume (EFV) on CAD in symptomatic patients with a zero calcium score (CS) using multislice computed tomography (MSCT).


In this study, 1308 consecutive symptomatic patients who underwent 64-slice MSCT with a zero CS were evaluated. EFV was quantified with CS data sets. Presence of an obstructive plaque (diameter stenosis >50%) and a CT-derived vulnerable plaque, which was defined as a plaque with remodeling index >1.10 and mean CT density value <3 0HU, was assessed with a CT coronary angiography.


Obstructive plaques were detected in 86 patients (7%) and CT-derived vulnerable plaques in 63 (5%). EFV was larger in patients with obstructive plaques than no plaque (124.3 ± 43.2 cm(3) vs. 95.1 ± 40.3 cm(3); p<0.01). Patients with CT-derived vulnerable plaques had a greater amount of EFV than no plaque (133.0 ± 40.2 cm(3) vs. 95.1 ± 40.3 cm(3); p<0.01). Multivariate analysis revealed EFV as a predictor of the presence of an obstructive and a CT-derived vulnerable plaque (per 10 cm(3); Odds ratio (OR) 1.10; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.04-1.16; p<0.01 and OR 1.19; 95% CI, 1.12-1.27; p<0.01). The combination of EFV and Framingham risk score (FRS) resulted in an area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve for prediction of obstructive and CT-derived vulnerable plaque of 0.75 and 0.75, which was significantly higher than 0.68 and 0.64 for FRS alone (p=0.02 and p<0.01).


A zero CS doesn't exclude CAD and EFV can be a useful marker of CAD in symptomatic zero CS patients.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.


Coronary artery disease; Epicardial fat volume; Zero calcium score

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk