Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cell Microbiol. 2012 Nov;14(11):1687-96. doi: 10.1111/cmi.12002. Epub 2012 Sep 3.

Bacterial adhesion to animal tissues: protein determinants for recognition of extracellular matrix components.

Author information

  • 1UR454 Microbiologie, INRA, Saint-Genès Champanelle, France.

Abstract

The extracellular matrix (ECM) is present within all animal tissues and organs. Actually, it surrounds the eukaryotic cells composing the four basic tissue types, i.e. epithelial, muscle, nerve and connective. ECM does not solely refer to connective tissue but composes all tissues where its composition, structure and organization vary from one tissue to another. Constituted of the four main fibrous proteins, i.e. collagen, fibronectin, laminin and elastin, ECM components form a highly structured and functional network via specific interactions. From the basement membrane to interstitial matrix, further heterogeneity exists in the organization of the ECM in various tissues and organs also depending on their physiological state. Back to a molecular level, bacterial proteins represent the most significant part of the microbial surface components recognizing adhesive matrix molecules (MSCRAMM). These cell surface proteins are secreted and localized differently in monoderm and diderm-LPS bacteria. While one collagen-binding domain (CBD) and different fibronectin-binding domains (FBD1 to 8) have been registered in databases, much remains to be learned on specific binding to other ECM proteins via single or supramolecular protein structures. Besides theinteraction of bacterial proteins with individual ECM components, this review aims at stressing the importance of fully considering the ECM at supramolecular, cellular, tissue and organ levels. This conceptual view should not be overlooked to rigorously comprehend the physiology of bacterial interaction from commensal to pathogenic species.

© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

PMID:
22882798
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Blackwell Publishing
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk