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Rinsho Byori. 2012 Jun;60(6):528-35.

Waldenström macroglobulinemia transforming from t (11;18) (q21;q21) -negative gastric MALT lymphoma after systemic dissemination.

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  • 1Department of Laboratory Medicine, Shinshu University Hospital.



We here describe the clinical course of a 70-year-old male patient with Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) putatively transformed from refractory mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma (MALTL).


Immunological staining was performed on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections, and M-protein and cryoglobulin were identified by immunofixation electrophoresis and the cold precipitation method. Chromosome translocation was analyzed by the G-banded karyotype, and API2/MALT1 fusion gene underwent fluorescent in situ hybridization. Multiplex polymerase chain reaction was performed to analyze the VH-JH or DH-JH rearrangements of the IGH gene.


At diagnosis, the WM patient had monoclonal IgM with cryoglobulinemia and hyperviscosity syndrome. Eight years before developing WM, the patient experienced the onset of typical gastric MALT-L with H. pylori infection, but in spite of negative for chromosome translocation, t (11;18) and the successful eradication of H. pylori, the MALT-L relapsed repeatedly, and finally led to systemic metastasis. The lymphoma cells also infiltrated the large intestine and spleen. Immunoglobulin gene analyses of cellular clonality revealed that the same clone had been present in the stomach, bone marrow (BM) at the onset of MALT L, and in the BM at the diagnosis of WM.


In this case, lymphoma developed as H. pylori-associated gastric MALT-L with negative for t (11;18), and might be transformed into MW during the systemic metastasis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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