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Mol Vis. 2012;18:1885-94. Epub 2012 Jul 12.

USH1G with unique retinal findings caused by a novel truncating mutation identified by genome-wide linkage analysis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Genetics, King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. fahmad@kfshrc.edu.sa

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Usher syndrome (USH) is an autosomal recessive disorder divided into three distinct clinical subtypes based on the severity of the hearing loss, manifestation of vestibular dysfunction, and the age of onset of retinitis pigmentosa and visual symptoms. To date, mutations in seven different genes have been reported to cause USH type 1 (USH1), the most severe form. Patients diagnosed with USH1 are known to be ideal candidates to benefit from cochlear implantation.

METHODS:

Genome-wide linkage analysis using Affymetrix GeneChip Human Mapping 10K arrays were performed in three cochlear implanted Saudi siblings born from a consanguineous marriage, clinically diagnosed with USH1 by comprehensive clinical, audiological, and ophthalmological examinations. From the linkage results, the USH1G gene was screened for mutations by direct sequencing of the coding exons.

RESULTS:

We report the identification of a novel p.S243X truncating mutation in USH1G that segregated with the disease phenotype and was not present in 300 ethnically matched normal controls. We also report on the novel retinal findings and the outcome of cochlear implantation in the affected individuals.

CONCLUSIONS:

In addition to reporting a novel truncating mutation, this report expands the retinal phenotype in USH1G and presents the first report of successful cochlear implants in this disease.

PMID:
22876113
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3413430
Free PMC Article

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