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Insights Imaging. 2012 Oct;3(5):519-33. doi: 10.1007/s13244-012-0186-8. Epub 2012 Aug 10.

Childhood osteomyelitis: imaging characteristics.

Author information

  • 1Department of Radiology, Academic Medical Center/Emma Children's Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, j.vanschuppen@amc.uva.nl.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The purpose of this review is to illustrate the imaging findings of childhood osteomyelitis. The diagnosis of childhood osteomyelitis can be challenging. Clinical presentation and laboratory results can differ and are relatively unreliable. To date, its role in the assessment of treatment efficacy is not yet clear.

METHODS:

This review article provides an overview of the different imaging modalities and imaging characteristics of childhood osteomyelitis. Levels of evidence for different modalities are presented.

RESULTS:

Paediatric radiology plays a pivotal role in the diagnosis of childhood osteomyelitis and can also be used to guide therapy and intervention.

CONCLUSION:

Although imaging is essential in the diagnostic process, cooperation between the physician and radiologist remains the cornerstone in accurately diagnosing childhood osteomyelitis.

MAIN MESSAGES:

• Imaging plays a pivotal role in the diagnosis of childhood osteomyelitis. • Cooperation between the clinician and radiologist is a very important aspect of making the diagnosis. • The initial imaging modality in childhood osteomyelitis is conventional imaging. • Normal conventional imaging does not exclude osteomyelitis.

PMID:
22875760
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3443272
Free PMC Article
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