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Arch Toxicol. 2012 Dec;86(12):1841-50. doi: 10.1007/s00204-012-0909-0. Epub 2012 Aug 8.

The effects of sodium diethyldithiocarbamate in fibroblasts V79 cells in relation to cytotoxicity, antioxidative enzymes, glutathione, and apoptosis.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Medical University of Warsaw, Banacha 1, 02-097, Warsaw, Poland.


Sodium diethyldithiocarbamate (DETC) is the main metabolite of disulfiram. Recently, we reported that mechanism of disulfiram cytotoxicity in V79 cells might be partially connected with thiol redox-state imbalance. Here, we examined the effect of DETC on the level of intracellular glutathione (GSH), protein oxidation (measured as PC-protein carbonyl content), lipid peroxidation (measured as TBARS-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances), antioxidant enzymatic defense, as well as on apoptosis. We used V79 Chinese hamster fibroblasts cells with and without modulated glutathione (GSH) level by N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC). We showed that treatment with DETC at concentrations that cause a moderate increase in thiol-state imbalance but not cell death stimulates oxidative stress measured as increased level of PC and TBARS, adaptive response of GSH-related enzymes and apoptosis. Our results show that cellular effects of DETC are partially attributable to the initial redox cellular state, since the increase of GSH level by NAC pre-treatment prevented the observed changes.

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