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Ther Adv Musculoskelet Dis. 2011 Apr;3(2):91-9. doi: 10.1177/1759720X11398742.

An overview of the management of persistent musculoskeletal pain.

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  • 1Oregon Health and Sciences University, Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Portland, OR, USA.


Musculoskeletal pain is a common reason for patients to seek care from healthcare providers. These conditions are predominantly nontraumatic injuries with a broad differential diagnosis and often without a specific diagnosis despite thorough history and examination. The management of these conditions is often discouraging for patients with continued chronic symptoms despite numerous diagnostic workups and treatment options. Effective communication with respect to the patient's goals is the key to a good outcome. The combination of an accurate diagnosis, an informed, motivated patient and a comprehensive review of the potential treatment options is beneficial for long-term success.


differential diagnosis; lower back pain; mechanical low back pain; musculoskeletal diseases; patient care management; rehabilitation outcome; treatment effectiveness

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