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Oncol Lett. 2011 Sep 1;2(5):871-877. Epub 2011 May 31.

Differential expression of haptoglobin isoforms in chronic active hepatitis, cirrhosis and HCC related to HBV infection.

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  • 1Institute for Cancer Research, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.


The three main complications of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection are chronic active hepatitis (CAH), liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to identify differentially expressed serum proteins among the three liver complications in patients with HBV infection. Differentially expressed proteins have been shown to be potential biomarkers for disease diagnosis, prognosis and therapy guidance. Two-dimensional polyacrylamid gel electrophoresis (2DE) combined with liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was performed on sera from CAH, cirrhosis and HCC patients with HBV infection, as well as those obtained from healthy individuals. Of 54 differentially expressed (≥1.5-fold and p<0.05) protein spots, 35 spots were identified by LC-MS/MS. The identified spots correlated to 13 proteins. The proteins included haptoglobolin α-2 and β isoforms, haptoglobin cleaved β isoforms, retinol-binding protein, transthyretin, ficolin, leucine-rich-α-2-glycoprotein, α-1-antitrypsin and clusterin. Of particular interest is the significant increase of haptoglobin α-2 isoforms in HCC patients compared to cirrhosis ones. In contrast, a significant decrease of the isoforms was noted among cirrhosis patients.

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