Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Bacteriol. 2012 Oct;194(19):5434-43. doi: 10.1128/JB.06624-11. Epub 2012 Aug 3.

Biochemical characterization of pantoate kinase, a novel enzyme necessary for coenzyme A biosynthesis in the Archaea.

Author information

  • 1Department of Synthetic Chemistry and Biological Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University Katsura, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan.


Although bacteria and eukaryotes share a pathway for coenzyme A (CoA) biosynthesis, we previously clarified that most archaea utilize a distinct pathway for the conversion of pantoate to 4'-phosphopantothenate. Whereas bacteria/eukaryotes use pantothenate synthetase and pantothenate kinase (PanK), the hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus kodakarensis utilizes two novel enzymes: pantoate kinase (PoK) and phosphopantothenate synthetase (PPS). Here, we report a detailed biochemical examination of PoK from T. kodakarensis. Kinetic analyses revealed that the PoK reaction displayed Michaelis-Menten kinetics toward ATP, whereas substrate inhibition was observed with pantoate. PoK activity was not affected by the addition of CoA/acetyl-CoA. Interestingly, PoK displayed broad nucleotide specificity and utilized ATP, GTP, UTP, and CTP with comparable k(cat)/K(m) values. Sequence alignment of 27 PoK homologs revealed seven conserved residues with reactive side chains, and variant proteins were constructed for each residue. Activity was not detected when mutations were introduced to Ser104, Glu134, and Asp143, suggesting that these residues play vital roles in PoK catalysis. Kinetic analysis of the other variant proteins, with mutations S28A, H131A, R155A, and T186A, indicated that all four residues are involved in pantoate recognition and that Arg155 and Thr186 play important roles in PoK catalysis. Gel filtration analyses of the variant proteins indicated that Thr186 is also involved in dimer assembly. A sequence comparison between PoK and other members of the GHMP kinase family suggests that Ser104 and Glu134 are involved in binding with phosphate and Mg(2+), respectively, while Asp143 is the base responsible for proton abstraction from the pantoate hydroxy group.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk