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Surg Today. 2013 Jul;43(7):782-6. doi: 10.1007/s00595-012-0274-x. Epub 2012 Aug 5.

Trial using pig cells with the H-D antigen knocked down.

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  • 1Division of Organ Transplantation (E9), Department of Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan.



This report describes an attempt to reduce the expression level of Hanganutziu-Deicher (H-D) antigens by small interfering RNA (siRNA) for pig cytidine monophospho-N-acetylneuraminic acid hydroxylase (pCMAH).


A pig endothelial cell (PEC) line, and PEC and fibroblasts from an α1,3galactosyltransferase knockout (GalT-KO) piglet were used. Real-time PCR was used to evaluate the degradation of mRNA by siRNA. The H-D antigen was stained, and then the cells were incubated with human serum for the FACS analysis. The extent of lysis in human serum was next calculated using an LDH assay.


Suppression of the mRNA of pCMAH by each siRNA was first determined. The mixture of siRNAs for pCMAH reduced the expressions of the H-D antigen on the PEC and fibroblasts to a considerable extent. The further reduction in the xenoantigenicity for human serum of the GalT-KO cells was then confirmed. In addition, the PEC line showed a significant downregulation in complement-dependent cytotoxicity by the siRNAs, thus indicating that the anti-H-D antigen in human serum is capable of causing lysis of the pig cells.


pCMAH silencing by siRNA reduced the expression of the H-D antigen and its antigenicity, thus confirming that the H-D antigen is one of the major non-Gal antigens in this situation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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