Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Gen Physiol. 2012 Aug;140(2):93-108. doi: 10.1085/jgp.201110708.

Luminal Ca2+ controls activation of the cardiac ryanodine receptor by ATP.

Author information

  • 1Institute of Molecular Physiology and Genetics, Centre of Excellence for Cardiovascular Research, Slovak Academy of Sciences, 833 34 Bratislava, Slovak Republic.


The synergic effect of luminal Ca(2+), cytosolic Ca(2+), and cytosolic adenosine triphosphate (ATP) on activation of cardiac ryanodine receptor (RYR2) channels was examined in planar lipid bilayers. The dose-response of RYR2 gating activity to ATP was characterized at a diastolic cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration of 100 nM over a range of luminal Ca(2+) concentrations and, vice versa, at a diastolic luminal Ca(2+) concentration of 1 mM over a range of cytosolic Ca(2+) concentrations. Low level of luminal Ca(2+) (1 mM) significantly increased the affinity of the RYR2 channel for ATP but without substantial activation of the channel. Higher levels of luminal Ca(2+) (8-53 mM) markedly amplified the effects of ATP on the RYR2 activity by selectively increasing the maximal RYR2 activation by ATP, without affecting the affinity of the channel to ATP. Near-diastolic cytosolic Ca(2+) levels (<500 nM) greatly amplified the effects of luminal Ca(2+). Fractional inhibition by cytosolic Mg(2+) was not affected by luminal Ca(2+). In models, the effects of luminal and cytosolic Ca(2+) could be explained by modulation of the allosteric effect of ATP on the RYR2 channel. Our results suggest that luminal Ca(2+) ions potentiate the RYR2 gating activity in the presence of ATP predominantly by binding to a luminal site with an apparent affinity in the millimolar range, over which local luminal Ca(2+) likely varies in cardiac myocytes.

Comment in

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (7)Free text

Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Figure 3.
Figure 4.
Figure 5.
Figure 6.
Figure 7.
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk