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J Gen Physiol. 2012 Aug;140(2):93-108. doi: 10.1085/jgp.201110708.

Luminal Ca2+ controls activation of the cardiac ryanodine receptor by ATP.

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  • 1Institute of Molecular Physiology and Genetics, Centre of Excellence for Cardiovascular Research, Slovak Academy of Sciences, 833 34 Bratislava, Slovak Republic.

Abstract

The synergic effect of luminal Ca(2+), cytosolic Ca(2+), and cytosolic adenosine triphosphate (ATP) on activation of cardiac ryanodine receptor (RYR2) channels was examined in planar lipid bilayers. The dose-response of RYR2 gating activity to ATP was characterized at a diastolic cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration of 100 nM over a range of luminal Ca(2+) concentrations and, vice versa, at a diastolic luminal Ca(2+) concentration of 1 mM over a range of cytosolic Ca(2+) concentrations. Low level of luminal Ca(2+) (1 mM) significantly increased the affinity of the RYR2 channel for ATP but without substantial activation of the channel. Higher levels of luminal Ca(2+) (8-53 mM) markedly amplified the effects of ATP on the RYR2 activity by selectively increasing the maximal RYR2 activation by ATP, without affecting the affinity of the channel to ATP. Near-diastolic cytosolic Ca(2+) levels (<500 nM) greatly amplified the effects of luminal Ca(2+). Fractional inhibition by cytosolic Mg(2+) was not affected by luminal Ca(2+). In models, the effects of luminal and cytosolic Ca(2+) could be explained by modulation of the allosteric effect of ATP on the RYR2 channel. Our results suggest that luminal Ca(2+) ions potentiate the RYR2 gating activity in the presence of ATP predominantly by binding to a luminal site with an apparent affinity in the millimolar range, over which local luminal Ca(2+) likely varies in cardiac myocytes.

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PMID:
22851674
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3409101
Free PMC Article

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