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Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2012 Oct;56(10):5224-9. doi: 10.1128/AAC.00913-12. Epub 2012 Jul 30.

Evaluation of an oral suspension of VP20621, spores of nontoxigenic Clostridium difficile strain M3, in healthy subjects.

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  • 1ViroPharma Incorporated, Exton, Pennsylvania, USA.


VP20621, spores of nontoxigenic Clostridium difficile (NTCD) strain M3, is protective against challenge with toxigenic strains in hamsters. Human administration and colonization may prevent primary C. difficile infection (CDI) or recurrent CDI. Healthy adult subjects 18 to 45 years old or ≥60 years old received single or multiple doses of an oral suspension of VP20621 (10(4), 10(6), or 10(8) spores) or placebo. Group 4 (≥60 years old) received oral vancomycin for 5 days, followed by 14 days of VP20621 or placebo. Subjects were monitored for safety and followed through day 28. Stool was cultured for C. difficile before, during, and after VP20621 administration. Isolates were tested for toxin by enzyme immunoassay, and VP20621 was confirmed by molecular typing. After single escalating doses, no subjects had C. difficile-positive stool cultures. VP20621 was found in the stool of all subjects given 10(8) spores twice a day. Following vancomycin administration, VP20621 was detected in the stool of all subjects given 10(4), 10(6), or 10(8) spores daily beginning on day 2 to 6. Recovered isolates were toxin negative and confirmed to be VP20621. There were no serious adverse events, and no subjects prematurely discontinued study drugs. Following vancomycin administration, 2 placebo subjects became colonized with toxigenic C. difficile and 3 placebo subjects became colonized with VP20621. Persistent colonization with VP20621 was detected in stools on days 21 to 28 in 44% of subjects. VP20621 was well tolerated and able to colonize the gastrointestinal tracts of subjects pretreated with vancomycin. Further study of VP20621 to prevent CDI in patients is warranted.

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