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J Pregnancy. 2012;2012:454601. doi: 10.1155/2012/454601. Epub 2012 Jul 10.

Preventive treatments of iron deficiency anaemia in pregnancy: a review of their effectiveness and implications for health system strengthening.

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  • 1Department of Health Policy and Management, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine and University College Hospital, University of Ibadan, P.M.B. 5017 General Post Office, Ibadan, Nigeria. koosungbade@yahoo.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We conducted a review of effectiveness of preventive treatments of iron deficiency anaemia in pregnancy in developing countries and highlighted their constraints as well as interventions required to strengthen the health services. Methods. Literature from Pubmed (MEDLINE), AJOL, Google Scholar, and Cochrane database was reviewed.

RESULTS:

Evidence-based preventive treatment options for iron deficiency anaemia in pregnancy include prophylaxis iron supplements and food fortification with iron. Evidence abounds on their effectiveness in reducing the prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia in pregnancy. However, these prospects are threatened by side effects of iron supplements, low utilization of maternal health service in developing countries, partial implementation of preventive treatments, and weak infrastructure and political commitment to implement mass fortification of local staple foods by national governments.

CONCLUSION:

Sustainability of effectiveness of preventive treatments of iron deficiency anaemia in pregnancy could be achieved if the identified threats are adequately addressed.

PMID:
22848829
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3400371
Free PMC Article
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