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Oncol Lett. 2011 Jul;2(4):669-674. Epub 2011 May 16.

High-dose 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy with concomitant vinorelbine plus carboplatin in patients with non-small cell lung cancer: A feasibility study.

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  • 1Department of Oncology, Hebei Medical University Affiliated North China Petroleum Bureau General Hospital, Renqiu, Hebei 062552.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of high-dose 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) (70 Gy) with concomitant vinorelbine (NVB) plus carboplatin (CBP) chemotherapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients with advanced NSCLC were treated with 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy in conventional fractionation: 2 Gy/fraction, 1 fraction/day, 5 fractions/week; total dose 70 Gy. The radiotherapy planning of every case had met the following conditions: the percentage of total lung volume receiving 20 Gy (V20) ≤30% and the percentage of total lung volume receiving 30 Gy (V30) ≤20%. Chemotherapy was commenced on the first day of radiotherapy: NVB 25 mg/m(2), day 1 and day 8, CBP at AUC of 5 mg/ml(-1).min(-1), day 8, repeated for 28 days, two concomitant cycles during radiotherapy, and not more than 4 cycles following radiotherapy. A total of 37 patients were recruited and each of them completed the entire radiation procedure. No Grade V toxicity was observed within the group. The hematological toxicity rates were: Grade III/IV neutropenia was observed in 18.9% (7/37) of cases, Grade III/IV thrombocytopenia in 8.1% (3/37) of cases, but no cases of Grade III/IV anemia were noted. For non-hematological toxicities the rates were: Grade III radiation pneumonitis, 8.1% (3/37) of cases; Grade III radiation esophagitis, 13.5% (5/37); but no cases of Grade IV/V non-hematological toxicities. High-dose 3DCRT also achieved a favorable efficacy: the complete response (CR) rate was 13.5% (5/37) and the partial response (PR) rate was 64.9% (24/37). The total response (CR+PR) rate was 78.4% (29/37). The median survival time was 12 months and the 1-year overall survival rate was 45.1%. Given that 35% of patients in the study had stage IV disease, the survival results were comparable with other similar studies. In conclusion, in our small-sample exploratory study, the high-dose regimen of 70 Gy using 3DCRT with concomitant NVB plus CBP was feasible for patients with NSCLC. Further evaluation of this regimen is ongoing in a prospective controlled phase II trial.

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