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Neuroimage. 2013 Jun;73:208-14. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.07.044. Epub 2012 Jul 27.

Neuroimaging in aphasia treatment research: quantifying brain lesions after stroke.

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  • 1University College London, Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, London, UK. j.crinion@ucl.ac.uk

Abstract

New structural and functional neuroimaging methods continue to rapidly develop, offering promising tools for cognitive neuroscientists. In the last 20 years, advanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques have provided invaluable insights into how language is represented and processed in the brain and how it can be disrupted by damage to, or dysfunction of, various parts of the brain. Current functional MRI (fMRI) approaches have also allowed researchers to purposefully investigate how individuals recover language after stroke. This paper presents recommendations for quantification of brain lesions derived from discussions among international researchers at the Neuroimaging in Aphasia Treatment Research Workshop held at Northwestern University (Evanston, Illinois, USA). Methods for detailing and characterizing the brain damage that can influence results of fMRI studies in chronic aphasic stroke patients are discussed. Moreover, we aimed to provide the reader with a set of general practical guidelines and references to facilitate choosing adequate structural imaging strategies that facilitate fMRI studies in aphasia treatment research.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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