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Endocr Dev. 2012;22:72-83. doi: 10.1159/000326634. Epub 2012 Jul 25.

Vulvovaginitis and other common vulvar disorders in children.

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  • 1Section of Adolescent Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine at Case, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA.


Vulvovaginitis, labial adhesions, and other vulvar disorders occur commonly in children and can provoke high anxiety in both the parent and child. Performed correctly, the pediatric gynecologic examination can diagnose and treat, educate and reassure both parent and child. This examination requires patience, sensitivity, direct communication with the child as well as with the parent, and an open manner that inspires trust in both parties to manage a potentially anxiety-provoking situation. This chapter will review common vulvar disorders, including vulvovaginitis, lichen sclerosis et atrophicus, bubble bath vaginitis, labial adhesions, urethral prolapse, and other common problems. A discussion of childhood sexual abuse is beyond the scope of this chapter, with appropriate references available elsewhere. Practical pearls will be offered to make this exam easy for the primary care clinician and/or subspecialist.

Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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