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Gene. 2012 Oct 10;507(2):152-8. doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2012.07.036. Epub 2012 Jul 27.

Identification of novel transcripts deregulated in buccal cancer by RNA-seq.

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  • 1Department of Animal Biotechnology, College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, Anand Agricultural University, Anand-388 001, Gujarat, India.

Abstract

The differential transcriptome analysis provides better understanding of molecular pathways leading to cancer, which in turn allows designing the effective strategies for diagnosis, therapeutic intervention and prediction of therapeutic outcome. This study describes the transcriptome analysis of buccal cancer and normal tissue by CLC Genomics Workbench from the data generated by Roche's 454 sequencing platform, which identified total of 1797 and 2655 genes uniquely expressed in normal and cancer tissues, respectively with 2466 genes expressed in both tissues. Among the genes expressed in both tissues, 1842 were up-regulated whereas 624 were down-regulated in cancer tissue. Besides transcripts known to be involved in cancer, this study led to the identification of novel transcripts, with significantly altered expression in buccal cancer tissue, providing potential targets for diagnosis and cancer therapeutics. The functional categorization by the KEGG pathway and gene ontology analysis revealed enrichment of differentially expressed transcripts to various pathways leading to cancer, including the p53 signaling pathway. Moreover, the gene ontology analysis unfolded suppression of transcripts involved in actin mediated cell contraction process. The down-regulation of four of these transcripts MYL1, ACTA1, TCAP and DESMIN in buccal cancer were further supported by quantitative PCR signifying its possible implication in the cancer progression.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22846364
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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