Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
Eur J Neurol. 2013 Jan;20(1):180-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-1331.2012.03822.x. Epub 2012 Jul 31.

Success rate, efficacy, and safety/tolerability of overnight switching from immediate- to extended-release pramipexole in advanced Parkinson's disease.

Author information

  • 1Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University College London Institute of Neurology, London, UK. a.schapira@medsch.ucl.ac.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

For Parkinson's disease (PD), an extended-release (ER) pramipexole formulation taken once daily, has shown efficacy, safety, and tolerability resembling those of immediate-release (IR) pramipexole taken three times daily. The present study assessed, in advanced PD, the success of an overnight switch from adjunctive IR to ER.

METHODS:

Levodopa users experiencing motor fluctuations were randomized to adjunctive double-blind (DB) placebo, IR, or ER. Amongst completers of ≥18 weeks, ER recipients were kept on DB ER, whilst IR recipients were switched overnight to DB ER at unchanged daily dosage. After a DB week, switch success was assessed. During the next 5 weeks, all patients underwent ER titration to optimal open-label maintenance dosage.

RESULTS:

One week post-switch, 86.2% of 123 IR-to-ER and 83.8% of 105 ER-to-ER patients had ≤15% (or ≤3-point, for pre-switch scores ≤20) increase on UPDRS Parts II + III, and 77.9% (of 122) and 70.2% (of 104) had ≤1-h increase in daily OFF-time. At 32 weeks, the groups showed comparable improvements from DB baseline (pramipexole inception), including, on UPDRS II + III, adjusted mean (SE) changes of -14.8 (1.5) for IR-to-ER and -13.3 (1.6) for ER-to-ER. Rates of premature discontinuation owing to adverse events were 6.5% for IR-to-ER and 4.9% for ER-to-ER.

CONCLUSIONS:

By OFF-time and UPDRS criteria, majorities of patients with advanced PD were successfully switched overnight from pramipexole IR to ER at unchanged daily dosage. During subsequent maintenance, pramipexole showed sustained efficacy, safety, and tolerability, regardless of formulation (IR or ER) in the preceding DB trial.

© 2012 The Author(s) European Journal of Neurology © 2012 EFNS.

PMID:
22845710
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Blackwell Publishing
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk