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Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. 2012 Jul-Sep;19(3):295-8. doi: 10.4103/0974-9233.97928.

Screening for diabetic retinopathy: the first telemedicine approach in a primary care setting in Bahrain.

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  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, Salmanya Medical Complex, Manama, Bahrain.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To develop an integrated diabetic retinopathy screening program that uses telemedicine.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

In this evaluation of diagnostic technology, six telemedical screening units were established to cover all regions of Bahrain. The units were equipped with a digital fundus camera at the primary health care clinic. Fundus photographs were transmitted via the Internet to a centralized reading center. A retinal specialist at the reading center assessed the images.

RESULTS:

From 2003 to 2009, 17,490 diabetic patients were screened. Of the screened patients, 20% were diagnosed with diabetic retinopathy. Of these cases, 31% required treatment.

CONCLUSION:

Telemedicine-based screening program is a feasible and efficient means of detecting diabetic retinopathy and providing treatment.

KEYWORDS:

Diabetic Retinopathy; Primary Care; Screening; Telemedicine

PMID:
22837622
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3401798
Free PMC Article
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