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Wilderness Environ Med. 2012 Dec;23(4):365-70. doi: 10.1016/j.wem.2012.05.006. Epub 2012 Jul 25.

Frostbite and other cold injuries in the heroic age of Antarctic exploration.

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  • 1Emergency Medicine and British Antarctic Survey Medical Unit, Derriford Hospital, Plymouth, UK.


Frostbite and other cold injuries on the early polar expeditions were common. This paper explains how frostbite was described, prevented, and treated on the Antarctic expeditions of the heroic age, comparing them with modern recommendations. Nonfreezing cold injury probably also occurred but was not differentiated from frostbite, and chilblains were also described.

Copyright © 2012 Wilderness Medical Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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