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Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2012 May;14(5):289-93. Epub 2012 May 30.

Comparative screening of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in women population in tehran, iran.

Author information

  • 1Departments of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There are more than 30 different sexually transmissible agents while the most common one is Chlamydia trachomatis. In this prospective study, we decided to compare the prevalence of infection in symptomatic and asymptomatic females.

METHODS:

Two hundred sixty urine samples of women in two groups (symptomatic and asymptomatic) were collected from patients attending Mehrad Hospital in Tehran, Iran and tested by polymerase chain reaction.

RESULTS:

Thirty nine women in both groups were infected (14.99%), while 27/130 subjects were in symptomatic group (20.76%), compared with 12/130 person in asymptomatic group (9.23%). No statistically significant difference was found between two groups. Data analysis showed infection with C. trachomatis in symptomatic women to be significantly associated with history of sexually transmitted infections, white blood cells in urine and epithelial cells in urine.

CONCLUSION:

The present study recommends that targeted screening programs in high risk sexually active women (like as individuals who had a history of STIs) are needed as part of case-finding strategies and treatment.

KEYWORDS:

Chlamydia trachomatis; Iran; PCR; Prevalence; Women

PMID:
22829988
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3398636
Free PMC Article

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