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PLoS One. 2012;7(7):e40903. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0040903. Epub 2012 Jul 19.

Incidence of epileptiform EEG activity in children during mask induction of anaesthesia with brief administration of 8% sevoflurane.

Author information

  • 1Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany. ab.schultz@t-online.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A high incidence of epileptiform activity in the electroencephalogram (EEG) was reported in children undergoing mask induction of anaesthesia with administration of high doses of sevoflurane for 5 minutes and longer. This study was performed to investigate whether reducing the time of exposure to a high inhaled sevoflurane concentration would affect the incidence of epileptiform EEG activity. It was hypothesized that no epileptiform activity would occur, when the inhaled sevoflurane concentration would be reduced from 8% to 4% immediately after the loss of consciousness.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

70 children (age 7-96 months, ASA I-II, premedication with midazolam) were anaesthetized with 8% sevoflurane in 100% oxygen via face mask. Immediately after loss of consciousness, the sevoflurane concentration was reduced to 4%. EEGs were recorded continuously and were later analyzed visually with regard to epileptiform EEG patterns. Sevoflurane at a concentration of 8% was given for 1.2 ± 0.4 min (mean ± SD). In 14 children (20%) epileptiform EEG patterns without motor manifestations were observed (delta with spikes (DSP), rhythmic polyspikes (PSR), epileptiform discharges (PED) in 10, 10, 4 children (14%, 14%, 6%)). 38 children (54%) had slow, rhythmic delta waves with high amplitudes (DS) appearing on average before DSP.

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE:

The hypothesis that no epileptiform potentials would occur during induction of anaesthesia with a reduction of the inspired sevoflurane concentration from 8% to 4% directly after LOC was not proved. Even if 8% sevoflurane is administered only briefly for induction of anaesthesia, epileptiform EEG activity may be observed in children despite premedication with midazolam.

PMID:
22829896
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3400655
Free PMC Article
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