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Neuropharmacology. 2012 Nov;63(6):1127-39. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2012.06.067. Epub 2012 Jul 22.

Mixed antagonistic effects of the ginkgolides at recombinant human ρ1 GABAC receptors.

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  • 1Discipline of Pharmacology, School of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sydney, Australia.

Abstract

The diterpene lactones of Ginkgo biloba, ginkgolides A, B and C are antagonists at a range of Cys-loop receptors. This study examined the effects of the ginkgolides at recombinant human ρ(1) GABA(C) receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes using two-electrode voltage clamp. The ginkgolides were moderately potent antagonists with IC(50)s in the μM range. At 10 μM, 30 μM and 100 μM, the ginkgolides caused rightward shifts of GABA dose-response curves and reduced maximal GABA responses, characteristic of noncompetitive antagonists, while the potencies showed a clear dependence on GABA concentration, indicating apparent competitive antagonism. This suggests that the ginkgolides exert a mixed-type antagonism at the ρ(1) GABA(C) receptors. The ginkgolides did not exhibit any obvious use-dependent inhibition. Fitting of the data to a number of kinetic schemes suggests an allosteric inhibition as a possible mechanism of action of the ginkgolides which accounts for their inhibition of the responses without channel block or use-dependent inhibition. Kinetic modelling predicts that the ginkgolides exhibit saturation of antagonism at high concentrations of GABA, but this was only partially observed for ginkgolide B. It also suggests that there may be different binding sites in the closed and open states of the receptor, with a higher affinity for the receptor in the closed state.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22828636
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3465557
Free PMC Article

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