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Health Serv Res. 2013 Feb;48(1):114-28. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2012.01445.x. Epub 2012 Jul 20.

Outcomes for whites and blacks at hospitals that disproportionately care for black Medicare beneficiaries.

Author information

  • 1Mongan Institute for Health Policy, Massachusetts General Hospital, 50 Staniford St., Ninth Floor, Boston, MA 02114, USA. llopez1@partners.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Hospital care for blacks is concentrated among a small number of hospitals and whether they have worse outcomes across common medical conditions is unknown.

DATA SOURCE:

We used the 2007 100% Medicare file to calculate 30- and 90-day mortality rates for white and black patients admitted for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), congestive heart failure (CHF), or pneumonia.

STUDY DESIGN:

We ranked all hospitals in the country by their proportion of discharged black patients and identified the top 10 percent of these hospitals as black serving. We examined race-specific adjusted mortality rates and adjusted for differences in hospital characteristics.

PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

At 30 days, black-serving hospitals had, compared with nonblack-serving hospitals, similar mortality for AMI, lower mortality for CHF, and higher mortality for pneumonia. At 90 days, mortality was higher at black-serving hospitals for both AMI and pneumonia and comparable for CHF compared with nonblack-serving hospitals. White patients had worse outcomes at black-serving hospitals for two conditions at 30 days and all three conditions at 90 days. Blacks also had worse outcomes at black-serving hospitals.

CONCLUSIONS:

Hospitals with a high proportion of black patients had worse outcomes than other hospitals for both their white and black elderly patients.

© Health Research and Educational Trust.

PMID:
22816447
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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