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Pharmacol Rep. 2012;64(3):706-13.

Involvement of NMDA receptors in the antidepressant-like action of adenosine.

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  • 1Departamento de Bioquímica, Centro de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC 88040-900, Brazil. manu.kaster@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND METHOD:

In this work, the contribution of NMDA receptors to the antidepressant-like effect of adenosine in the forced swimming test (FST) was investigated.

RESULTS:

The pretreatment of mice with NMDA or D-serine was able to prevent the anti-immobility effect of either adenosine or MK-801 in the FST. In addition, the administration of a sub-effective dose of adenosine produced a synergistic effect with sub-effective doses of MK-801, ketamine and zinc chloride. Moreover, the immobility time of the mice treated with active doses of adenosine or N(6)-cyclohexyladenosine (CHA) plus MK-801 was not significantly different from that obtained with adenosine, CHA and MK-801 alone; by contrast, the combination between active doses of adenosine and CHA plus an active dose of the tricyclic antidepressant imipramine produced a greater effect in the FST than the administration of either drug alone.

CONCLUSION:

Together, the results suggest that the effect of adenosine in the FST is likely dependent on the inhibition of NMDA receptors mediated by the activation of adenosine A(1) receptors.

PMID:
22814023
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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