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Int J Nanomedicine. 2012;7:3099-109. doi: 10.2147/IJN.S30934. Epub 2012 Jun 29.

Concentration-dependent effects of fullerenol on cultured hippocampal neuron viability.

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  • 1CAS Key Laboratory of Brain Function and Disease, School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, People’s Republic of China.



Recent studies have shown that the biological actions and toxicity of the water-soluble compound, polyhydroxyfullerene (fullerenol), are related to the concentrations present at a particular site of action. This study investigated the effects of different concentrations of fullerenol on cultured rat hippocampal neurons.


Fullerenol at low concentrations significantly enhanced hippocampal neuron viability as tested by MTT assay and Hoechst 33342/propidium iodide double stain detection. At high concentrations, fullerenol induced apoptosis confirmed by Comet assay and assessment of caspase proteins.


These findings suggest that fullerenol promotes cell death and protects against cell damage, depending on the concentration present. The concentration-dependent effects of fullerenol were mainly due to its influence on the reduction-oxidation pathway.


fullerenol; hippocampal neuron; nanomaterial; neuroprotection; neurotoxicity

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