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J Lipid Res. 1990 Aug;31(8):1477-82.

Clofibrate-inducible rat hepatic P450s IVA1 and IVA3 catalyze the omega- and (omega-1)-hydroxylation of fatty acids and the omega-hydroxylation of prostaglandins E1 and F2 alpha.

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  • 1Laboratory of Molecular Carcinogenesis, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892.

Abstract

Cytochromes P450IVA1 and IVA3 display 72% amino acid sequence similarity and are expressed in livers of rats treated with the hypolipidemic drug clofibrate. The catalytic activities of IVA1 and IVA3 were examined by cDNA-directed expression using vaccinia virus. cDNA-expressed IVA1 and IVA3 had relative Mrs of 51,500 and 52,000, respectively, on SDS-polyacrylamide gels. Both enzymes displayed reduced, CO-bound absorption spectra with lambda max of 452.5 nm. IVA1 and IVA3 hydroxylated lauric acid at the omega and omega-1 positions with equivalent omega/omega-1 ratios of about 12.5. IVA1 had a substrate turnover of 21 min-1 which was about fourfold higher than that of IVA3. The omega and omega-1 hydroxylation of palmitic acid was also catalyzed by these P450s with combined turnover numbers for both metabolites of 45 min-1 or 18 min-1 for IVA1 and IVA3, respectively. The omega/omega-1 oxidation ratio of IVA1 for palmitate was 1.25 which was almost fourfold higher than that obtained for IVA3. These enzymes also catalyzed omega oxidation of the physiologically important eicosanoids prostaglandins E1 and F2 alpha with turnover numbers of about one-tenth those calculated for fatty acid oxidations. No omega-1 hydroxy metabolites were produced. These studies indicate that the P450 enzymes IVA1 and IVA3 are able to catalyze the oxidations of both fatty acids and prostaglandins.

PMID:
2280187
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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