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Arch Ophthalmol. 2012 Jun;130(6):712-9. doi: 10.1001/archophthalmol.2012.130.

Retinal on-pathway deficit in congenital disorder of glycosylation due to phosphomannomutase deficiency.

Author information

  • 1Clinical and Academic Department of Ophthalmology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, London, England. dorothy.thompson@gosh.nhs.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe novel electroretinographic (ERG) findings associated with congenital disorder of glycosylation due to phosphomannomutase deficiency (PMM2-CDG) (previously known as congenital disorder of glycosylation type 1a).

METHODS:

Two male siblings with genetically confirmed PMM2-CDG underwent full-field ERG to a range of scotopic and photopic flash luminances that extended the International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision standard protocol and included scotopic 15-Hz flicker and photopic prolonged on-off stimulation.

RESULTS:

Photopic prolonged ERGs were profoundly electronegative with absent b-waves but preserved oscillatory potentials. Prolonged off-responses and off-oscillatory potentials were preserved. Transient full-field photopic ERGs revealed a broad a-wave and narrow b-wave, and the photopic 30-Hz flicker ERG had a sawtooth waveform. The scotopic b-waves of both cases were attenuated to the fifth percentile, whereas scotopic a-wave amplitudes were at the 50th to 75th percentile, giving a reduced a:b ratio. The scotopic a-wave waveform was well defined to bright flash luminance. The number of scotopic oscillatory potentials was preserved, although amplitudes were smaller than average. Scotopic 15-Hz flicker ERGs were evident to a range of flash luminances and showed an expected phase cancellation between -1.5 and -1.0 log scotopic td (troland) • s, but phase increased only for the fast rod pathway.

CONCLUSIONS:

We find, for the first time to our knowledge, an association of PMM2-CDG with a selective on-pathway dysfunction in the retina. This ERG phenotype localizes the site of retinal dysfunction to the on-bipolar synapse with photoreceptors. Modeling the unusual combination of ERG findings helps our understanding of the role of N -glycosylation at this synapse and provides a focus for future studies of potential intervention.

PMID:
22801829
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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