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Diabetologia. 2012 Oct;55(10):2655-9. doi: 10.1007/s00125-012-2636-8. Epub 2012 Jul 13.

Association between KCNQ1 genetic variants and obesity in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes.

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  • 1Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai Diabetes Institute, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Diabetes Mellitus, Shanghai Clinical Center for Diabetes, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, 600 Yishan Road, Shanghai 200233, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS:

There is evidence of overlap between susceptibility loci for type 2 diabetes and obesity. The aim of this study is to explore the association between the established type 2 diabetes locus KCNQ1 and obesity in Han Chinese.

METHODS:

We recruited 6,667 and 6,606 diabetic case-control samples from Shanghai and Hong Kong, respectively. Of the samples, 7.5% and 6.3% were excluded because of genotyping failure or data missing in the association analyses of rs2237892 and rs2237895 with obesity/BMI, respectively.

RESULTS:

We found that rs2237892 was associated with lower BMI and lower incidence of overweight/obesity in diabetic patients from Hong Kong (BMI, β = -0.0060 per diabetes risk C allele for log(10)BMI [95% CI -0.0088, -0.0032; p = 2.83 × 10(-5)]; overweight/obesity, OR 0.880 for C allele [95% CI 0.807, 0.960; p = 0.004]) and in the meta-analysis of cases from the two regions (BMI, combined β = -0.0048 per C allele for log(10)BMI [95% CI -0.0070, -0.0026; p = 2.20 × 10(-5)]; overweight/obesity, combined OR 0.890 for C allele [95% CI 0.830, 0.955; p = 0.001]). rs2237895 was also related to decreased BMI (combined β = -0.0042 per diabetes risk C allele for log(10)BMI [95% CI -0.0062, -0.0022; p = 4.30 × 10(-5)]). A significant association with waist circumference was detected for rs2237892 in the pooled analyses (β = -0.0026 per C allele for log(10)[waist circumference] [95% CI -0.0045, -0.0007; p = 0.007]). However, neither an association with the risk of being overweight or obese nor associations with quantitive traits were detected for rs2237892 or rs2237895 in controls.

CONCLUSION:

Our findings indicate that KCNQ1 is associated with obesity in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes.

PMID:
22790062
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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