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Lab Anim Res. 2012 Jun;28(2):109-14. doi: 10.5625/lar.2012.28.2.109. Epub 2012 Jun 26.

Altered expression of γ-secretase components in animal model of major depressive disorder induced by reserpine administration.

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  • 1Department of Biomaterials Science, College of Natural Resources & Life Science, Pusan National University, Miryang, Korea.

Abstract

Altered expression of neurotrophic factors as well as neuroinflammation is commonly associated with Major depressive disorder (MDD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). To investigate whether or not reserpine-induced MDD affects the expression of AD-related proteins, the expression of γ-secretase components and substrate were measured in brains of ICR mice following reserpine treatment for 15 days. In active avoidance test, total response time and peak slightly increased in the 2 mg/kg reserpine (RSP2)-treated group compared to vehicle-treated group (P<0.05). Expression and phosphorylation of MKP-1, which is a key factor in MDD pathology, were both higher in the RSP2-treated group than the vehicle- and 1 mg/kg reserpine (RSP1)-treated groups (P<0.02). Furthermore, full-length expression of amyloid precursor protein (APP) was enhanced in the RSP1 and RSP2-treated groups compared to the vehicle-treated group, whereas expression of γ-secretase components decreased (P<0.03). Among the three components of the γ-secretase complex, nicastrin protein underwent the largest decrease in expression, as detected by Western blotting (P<0.03). Therefore, the data presented here provide additional evidence about the pathological correlation between MDD and AD.

KEYWORDS:

APP; Alzheimer's disease; Major depressive disorder; reserpine; γ-secretase

PMID:
22787484
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3389834
Free PMC Article
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