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Genet Mol Res. 2012 Jun 25;11(2):1682-9. doi: 10.4238/2012.June.25.1.

Screening and identification of peritoneal metastasis-related genes of gastric adenocarcinoma using a cDNA microarray.

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  • 1State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology and Institute of Digestive Diseases, XiJing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China.


With the aim of identifying peritoneal metastasis-related genes in gastric cancer, we performed a broad analysis of differential gene expression between the parental cell line GC9811 and its highly metastatic peritoneal counterpart, cell line GC9811-P. Two fluorescent cDNA probes, labeled with Cy3 and Cy5 dyes, were prepared from GC9811 and GC9811-P mRNA samples by the reverse transcription method. The two color probes were then mixed and hybridized to a cDNA chip constructed with double-dots from 11,901 human genes; this was scanned at two wavelengths. The experiment was repeated twice. In GC9811-P cells, 218 genes were upregulated and 30 genes were downregulated compared with the parental cell lines. Some selected genes were confirmed by RT-PCR and Western blot; we found that S100A4 and CTNNB1 were upregulated and PTEN was downregulated in GC9811-P cells. Identification of these differentially expressed genes could contribute to disclose the molecular mechanisms involved and provide new targets for therapeutic intervention to avoid peritoneal dissemination of gastric adenocarcinoma.

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