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Transfusion. 2012 Jul;52(7 Pt 2):1602-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1537-2995.2012.03756.x.

Reasons for blood donation deferral in sub-Saharan Africa: experience in Ivory Coast.

Author information

  • 1General Hospital at Yopougon Attié, Ivory Coast. dianekouao@yahoo.fr

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Blood donor selection is important to ensure the safety of both donors and recipients. There is a paucity of data on reasons for blood donor deferral in Ivory Coast. The aim of this study was to identify the reasons for predonation deferral at a blood collection site at General Hospital, Yopougon Attié in Abidjan.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The investigators conducted a retrospective audit of data pertaining to donor deferral for blood donors that presented to the general hospital of Yopugon Attié from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2008.

RESULTS:

A total of 10,694 prospective blood donors, presented over the study period, and 24,363 attempts to donate were registered. The majority were repeat blood donors (77.4%). A total of 2618 (10.8%) donors were deferred. The most frequent reason for deferral was a low hemoglobin level (42.5%), with females constituting the majority of those deferred. The second most frequent reason for deferral was a reported change of or new sexual partner (34.3%); male donors were predominant in this group. Additional reasons for deferral included short interdonation interval (4.6%) and reactivity for a screened biomarker (2.3%).

CONCLUSION:

Although the rates for permanent and temporary deferral rates are similar between the Ivory Coast and high-middle income countries, the causes and demographics differ. The reasons for exclusion are preventable through awareness and education of prospective blood donors.

© 2012 American Association of Blood Banks.

PMID:
22780941
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3658824
Free PMC Article
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