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Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2012 Jun;30 Suppl 3:33-8.

Device-associated infection rates in Adult Intensive Care Units in Catalonia: VINCat Program findings.

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  • 1Critical Care Unit, Hospital de Sabadell, Corporació Sanitària Universitària Parc Taulí, Sabadell, Barcelona, Spain. CIBER Enfermedades Respiratorias.

Abstract

Hospital-acquired infections are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, especially in the intensive care unit (ICU). Surveillance of device-associated infections plays a major role in infection control programs. In 2006, the Surveillance Program of Nosocomial Infections in Catalonia (VINCat Program) was started, with the major aim of reducing infection rates through a process of active monitoring. The study period comprised calendar years 2008 (with 21 ICUs participating), 2009 (with 21 ICUs participating), and 2010 (with 28 ICUs participating). Each participating hospital was required to have an infection control team made up of at least one physician, an infection surveillance nurse, and a microbiology laboratory. Hospitals were classified into three groups according to their size. Central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infection (CVC-BSI) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) were chosen as the device-associated infections to analyze. Incidence rates of device-associated infections were calculated by dividing the total number of device-associated infection (VAP or CVC-BSI) days by the total number of days use for the relevant device. Mechanical ventilation use ranged from 0.10 to 0.85 days (overall, 0.35), and central venous catheter use ranged from 0.18 to 0.98 days (overall, 0.65). Incidence rates of VAP ranged from 7.2 ± 3.7 to 10.7 ± 9.6 episodes of VAP/1000 ventilator days. Incidence rates of CVC-BSl ranged from 1.9 ± 1.6 to 2.7 ± 2.0 episodes of CVC-associated bloodstream infection/1000 central venous catheter days. The implementation of the VINCat Program allowed monitoring of nosocomial device-associated infections in ICUs in Catalonia and enabled corrective measures in ICUs with increased incidences of device-associated infections.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier España S.L. All rights reserved.

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