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Rev Med Interne. 2012 Aug;33(8):457-60. doi: 10.1016/j.revmed.2012.06.002. Epub 2012 Jul 4.

[Pulmonary embolism revealed by a seizure: a case report and literature review].

[Article in French]

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  • 1Service de médecine interne, université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie Paris, hôpital Saint-Antoine, Assistance publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, 184 rue du Faubourg-Saint-Antoine, Paris, France.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Pulmonary embolism is a frequent disorder with a diagnostic approach based on probability estimation. Nevertheless, in some cases, prognosis may be impaired by delayed diagnosis resulting from atypical presenting manifestations.

CASE REPORT:

We report a 37-year-old woman, admitted for a seizure as the presenting manifestation of pulmonary embolism, and review nine additional similar cases reported in the literature since 1945. Seizures were always generalized tonico-clonic in nature without a past medical history of epilepsy in any case. Tachycardia was noted in nine patients over ten. Prognosis was usually severe leading to death by cardiovascular deficiency in 70% of cases.

CONCLUSION:

These observations suggest a systematic suspicion of pulmonary embolism in the presence of generalized convulsion with persistent tachycardia after resolution of the episode and no past medical history of seizures. More research is necessary to assess the role of d-dimer testing in these situations.

Copyright © 2012 Société nationale française de médecine interne (SNFMI). Published by Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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