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Percept Mot Skills. 2012 Apr;114(2):419-28.

Use of multimodal imagery with precompetitive anxiety and stress of elite tennis players.

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  • 1Lappes Laboratory of Federal University of Paraná State, Centro Politécnico, Curitiba, Brazil. coelhoricardo@ufpr.br


The effect of multimodal imagery on anxiety and perceived stress was investigated in 46 male tennis players (16 to 18 yr.; M = 17.0, SD = 0.8). There were two groups, a multimodal imagery group and a control imagery group. The quasi-experimental design included pre- and post-treatment administrations of the 27-item Competitive State Anxiety Inventory to assess anxiety and the Perceived Stress Scale to assess stress. Analysis showed a statistically significant multivariate difference between the multimodal imagery and control groups on measures of cognitive anxiety, self-confidence, and perceived stress. Imagery plays a role in handling some specific types of anxiety and stress.

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